New research on women who kill intimate partners
Reforms to homicide laws in Victoria were introduced in 2005 to improve legal responses to women who kill abusive intimate partners. A new discussion paper by DVRCV and Monash University, Justice or Judgement? The impact of Victorian homicide law reforms on responses to women who kill intimate partners, examines whether the reforms are working as intended.
The research identifies that thirty-one men and eight women have been prosecuted for killing an intimate partner since the reforms were introduced. It provides a detailed analysis of court transcripts in seven cases of women who have killed their intimate partners or ex-partners.
The analysis shows that, while there are some encouraging signs, family violence is still receiving only limited recognition in cases of women who kill, and very few women succeed in arguing that they acted in self-defence. The paper also highlights the continued need to retain defensive homicide as a ‘safety net’ partial defence for women who are not able to successfully raise self-defence.
The research indicates that:
- there is little recognition of the impact of non-physical forms of violence (such as threats, psychological and sexual abuse) on women’s actions
- women continue to plead guilty to lesser offences (manslaughter or defensive homicide) rather than argue self-defence
- gender-based stereotypes continue to influence what is seen as a reasonable response for women who act in self-defence
- the new family violence evidence provisions are not being adequately used.
The discussion paper Justice or Judgement? The impact of Victorian homicide law reforms on responses to women who kill intimate partner is now available.
An article about the discussion paper and the proposed changes to the law is featured on The Age online here.
DVRCV Discussion Papers:
These research papers provide in-depth analyses of aspects of family violence. They aim to fill knowledge gaps in areas that have been under-researched and promote informed critical thinking and discussion about family violence.
Our previous papers include:
- ‘Just Say Goodbye’: Parents who kill their children in the context of separation (2012)
- Bad Mothers & Invisible Fathers: Parenting in the context of domestic violence (2009)
- Behind Closed Doors: Family dispute resolution & family violence (2007)
- Violence-Induced Disability: The consequences of violence against women & children (2006)
For a full list of previous papers and to order, visit the Discussion Papers page of our website.